Surrounded by mountains and the Mediterranean, Tuscany has surprisingly diverse nature. In addition to the formed culture landscapes, Tuscany is characterised by dense forests, moors and Mediterranean Macchia.
In an area as large as Switzerland, the vegetation alternates between vineyards and cornfields, impenetrable forests and impressive mountains. As well as the famous cypresses, pine, oak and chestnut trees accentuate the landscape.
The typical Mediterranean bush landscape's lush vegetation covers vast areas of land today. Broom, citrus, moorland, strawberries, oleander, thyme and rosemary are only some of the plants that define the image of the Macchia.
The aromas and nuances of colour charms plant lovers time and time again.
Pheasants, snakes, bats, red deer, wild boar and wolves can all be found in Tuscany.
The wild moorland of the Maremma is especially interesting thanks to its wild cows and horses, cranes and countless species of bird.
Tuscany's nature reserves
Unique landscapes, earthy valleys, steep mountainsides, dense forests, winding rivers, moors and small islands, and their typical plants and animals, have all been put under conservation. Tuscany has two national parks, three nature parks and 54 nature reserves.
Parco Nazionale delle Foreste Casentinesi
To the northwest of Arezzo and Vallombrosa, mostly untouched forests with diverse fauna form a good hiking area.
Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano
The seven Tuscan islands are situated in the clear waters of the Tyrrhenian Sea and are named Elba, Giglio, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo.
Large parts of the landmasses and 60.000 hectares of sea are under conservation; the national park is the largest in Europe.
Parco Naturale della Maremma
The diverse nature park of Maremma stretches along the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Rugged hillsides, sandy beaches, rivers, marshes and pine forests form a scene of wild beauty in Tuscany's wild west.
Parco Naturale Alpi Apuane
The impressive mountain world of the Alpi Apuana defines the area of land between Lucca and Carrara. Steep mountainsides and deep ravines, blindingly white marble and numerous caves are home to many unique animals.
The Italian administration founded numerous other parks and reserves throughout Tuscany. Discover them!
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